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Election Facts


Partisan Elections - Closed Primary


When Elections are held

Terms of Office


Resignations/Filling Vacancies


Mail Ballot Elections - Jurisdictions and Voters

Overlapping Jurisdictions


Polling Places - Hours - Campaign Signs- Poll Agents

Questions on the Ballot - Deadlines



Partisan Elections - Closed Primary



Who Votes in the Primary Election

Technically, all Johnson County voters may vote in the August primary election.

The Democratic August Primary Election is open only to those voters registered as Democrats and unaffiliated voters who wish to affiliate as Democrats by filling out a new declaration card on election day.

The Republican August Primary Election is open only to those registered as Republicans and unaffiliated voters who wish to affiliate as Republicans by filling out a new declaration card on election day.

Unaffiliated voters who do not wish to declare a party affiliation and Libertarian voters are eligible to vote on non-partisan races and questions, if any. All relevant non-partisan items and questions also appear on the Democratic and Republican ballots.

Primary voting rules are established by the parties and state law and are not established by the election office. Voters may cast only one ballot in any election.

The Election Office does not distribute campaign/candidate information. A voter may contact the party headquarters for candidate position information.

Click here for Political Party Headquarters.


When Elections are held



National, State and County elections are held in the fall in even-numbered years.

City, School, Johnson County Community College, Water, and Drainage elections are held in the fall of odd years.

Water and Drainage Districts do not have primaries.

Precinct committee people are elected in August of even-numbered years.

Judges are on the November ballot for retention in even-numbered years.

Johnson County Commissioners are elected in even-numbered years and are non-partisan positions. Candidates are in a primary election if 3 or more file for one position. The 2 candidates in a primary receiving the most votes will advance to the general election. If 2 or less file for one position, these candidates only appear on the general election ballot. If a district does not have a filing, this position will only appear on the general election ballot as a write-in.

There are no write-ins in primary elections unless there are no candidates for the position. Committee people have write-ins even if there are candidates.

General election ballots always have a space for write-ins.


Terms of Office



United States President and Vice President - term of office begins on January 20.

U.S. Senators and U.S. Representatives - term of office begins on January 3.

State Officials - term begins the second Monday in January.

State Board of Education term begins on the second Monday in January.

County Officials - term begins the second Monday in January.

City Officials - term begins the second Monday in January.

Johnson County Community College Trustees - term begins the second Monday in January.

School Board Members - term begins the second Monday in January.

Water District Board Members - term begins the second Monday in January.

Drainage Districts Board Members - term begins the second Monday in January.

Township Officials - term begins on the second Monday in January.

Resignations/Filling Vacancies



In 1st and 2nd class cities, the City Council fills a vacancy by appointment until the next election. An unexpired term is filled at the next election.

Roeland Park has an election after each resignation.

In 3rd class cities, the City Council fills a vacancy by appointment until the next election. There are no unexpired terms.

Johnson County Community College fills a vacancy by appointment. There are no unexpired terms.

In state district races, an election for an unexpired term is held at the next scheduled election if less than half the term has been completed. If more than half the term has been completed, a convention of committee people (of the same party) for that district is held. The committee people elect a candidate to fill the position. The governor appoints the candidate to the position.

Mail Ballot Elections - Jurisdictions and Voters



MAIL BALLOT ELECTION

What is a Mail Ballot Election?

A mail ballot election is an election conducted entirely by mail. Ballots are mailed to registered voters; ballots are marked by the voters and returned by mail to the Election Office. Ballots may also be returned in person at the Election Office during regular business hours or by using the drop box after hours. All ballots must be returned by 12:00 noon on Election Day.

A mail ballot election may only be conducted for a “question-submitted” election, such as a school district seeking voter approval of a bond issue for the district.

Mail Ballot Election Day

The mail ballot deadline is 12:00 noon on Election Day. Ballots returned after the noon deadline cannot be counted.

How Do I Get a Mail Ballot?

Ative voters residing within the voting district, who are registered at least 30 days prior to Election Day, automatically receive a mail ballot. Ballots are mailed beginning 20 days before Election Day.

Voters registering within 30 days before Election Day, but before the Voter Registration deadline (21 days before Election Day), must apply for a mail ballot using a Replacement Mail Ballot Form provided by the Election Office. A Replacement Mail Ballot Form is available only at the Election Office or on the Election Office website ( www.jocoelection.org). The Replacement Mail Ballot Form must be received in the Election Office not later than the Friday prior to Election Day for a ballot to be mailed to any voter.

For a mail ballot election, there will not be any polling places open on Election Day or any other time. To vote in a mail ballot election you must receive a ballot by mail. Voted ballots can only be returned by mail or delivered in person to the Election Office, 2101 E Kansas City Road, Olathe, KS 66061.

Voters who do not receive a ballot by mail may complete the Replacement Mail Ballot Form at the election office, by mail or by fax to receive a new ballot.

Make certain you are a registered voter!

If you are a registered voter, you are already registered for a mail ballot election. You can view your voter information by visiting the website ( https://voter.jocoelection.org).

Voter registration for a mail ballot election closes 21 days before Election Day. Anyone who registers to vote after 30 days before Election Day, but before voter registration closes, is eligible to apply for a mail ballot. A ballot will not be sent automatically.

A voting district resident may submit a voter registration application and a Replacement Mail Ballot Form together. The voter registration application must be postmarked or received in the Election Office by the date voter registration closes. A Replacement Mail Ballot Form must be received in the Election Office by the Friday immediately prior to Election Day. No ballot will be mailed to any voter after Friday.

Voter Instructions for a mail ballot election (See Return Envelope (PDF))

Every ballot mailed will include instructions on voting the ballot and completing the return envelope. No postage is necessary to return voted ballots if mailed in the United States.

Only one voted ballot is permitted to be returned in each return envelope. It is impossible to determine the validity of multiple ballots in the same envelope, and as a result none are counted. In a mail ballot election, a person casting more than one ballot voids all ballots cast by that person.

The back of the return envelope has a STATEMENT OF VOTER. The voter, and only the voter to whom the mail ballot was sent, must sign this statement. No one else may sign for the voter. Power of Attorney is not valid for voting. Write the voter’s address on the line provided underneath the signature line. The voter’s signature and current address are required by Kansas Statute. If the statement is not signed by the voter, Kansas law prohibits anyone from opening the envelope or counting the votes on the ballot. The STATEMENT OF VOTER must be signed for the ballot to be opened and counted!

The back of the return envelope also has a STATEMENT OF PERSON ASSISTING VOTER.

A voter who is sick, disabled, or is not proficient in reading the English language may need the assistance of another person to mark and/or return the ballot. Any such person providing assistance to a voter must sign the STATEMENT OF PERSON ASSISTING VOTER. Power of Attorney does not apply to voting.

What is the deadline for returning ballots to the Election Office?

All ballots cast in a mail ballot election must be received by the Johnson County Election Office on or before 12:00 noon on Election Day. If you are mailing your voted ballot to the Election Office, you must mail it early so that it will arrive in the Election Office not later than 12:00 noon on Election Day. If you are not confident that the US Postal Service will deliver your ballot to the Election Office by the noon deadline, you may deliver your ballot in person. All ballots personally returned to the Election Office on Election Day must be received by 12:00 noon. Ballots which are received in the Election Office after the deadline cannot be counted.

Privacy protection and the secret ballot

The privacy and secrecy of your vote is maintained by a careful and deliberate procedure when voted mail ballot envelopes are opened. All envelopes are opened by a special election board. When the envelopes are opened, the ballot is removed and placed face down in one pile to prevent anyone from seeing how the ballot is voted. The empty envelope is placed in a separate pile.

After the ballots are separated from the envelopes, the empty envelopes are banded and placed in a storage box, then ballots are unfolded and flattened.

Ballots are then inserted into an optical scan ballot reader which counts the vote or votes cast on each ballot. After ballots are scanned, they are placed in a storage box and sealed.

Election Results

Unofficial results are posted at the Election Results link on the Election Office website as soon as results are available on Election Day. Official final results will be posted to the website after the Board of Canvassers meet to consider Provisional Ballots and certify the election.


Overlapping Jurisdictions



Part of Spring Hill city (south of 215th St.) is in Miami County.

Part of Lake Quivira is in Wyandotte County.

Part of De Soto city is in Leavenworth County.

Part of Bonner Springs city overlaps from Wyandotte County into Johnson County.

The Water District overlaps into Wyandotte and Miami Counties.

The Blue Valley (USD #229), Spring Hill (USD #230), and Gardner-Edgerton (USD #231) school districts overlap into Miami County.

The Eudora (USD #491) school district overlaps from Douglas County into Johnson County.

The Wellsville (USD #289) school district overlaps from Franklin County into Johnson County.

Most of the 6th Senate District is in Wyandotte County, but part of it is in Johnson County.

Most of the 10th Senate District is in Johnson County, but part of it is in Wyandotte County.

The 37th Senate District is in Johnson and Miami Counties.

The 26th Representative District is in Johnson and Miami Counties.

The 38th Representative District is in Johnson and Leavenworth Counties.

State Board of Education, 1st District, is in Douglas, Johnson, Leavenworth, and Wyandotte Counties.

State Board of Education, 2nd District, is in Johnson and Wyandotte Counties.

State Board of Education, 3rd District, is in Johnson and Miami Counties.

The 3rd Congressional District is all of Johnson County, all of Wyandotte County, and part of Miami County.


Polling Places - Hours - Campaign Signs - Poll Agents



Polling Places are open from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on Election Day. For presidential elections, polling places are open from 6:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Everyone in the voting line at 7:00 p.m. is entitled to vote.

Campaigning and/or campaign signs are not allowed within 250 ft. of any entrance to any polling place on Election Day.

Poll agents (official observers) must carry written authorization. The form may be obtained from the Election Office.

Liquor may be sold on Election Day.


Questions on the Ballot - Deadlines



Fall Elections - Primary Election - Deadline is the same as candidate filing deadline.

Fall Elections - General Election - September 1 unless it falls on a Sunday or holiday.


Last Updated: November 2, 2017 4:22 PM


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