Election Facts


When Elections are held

  • National, State and County General Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even numbered years. Primary Elections are held on the first Tuesday in August in even numbered years. 
  • General Elections for city, school, community college, water district, and drainage district officials are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in odd numbered years. If necessary, primaries are held on the first Tuesday in August of odd numbered years. 
  • Water and Drainage Districts do not have primaries.
  • Precinct committee people are elected in August of even-numbered years.
  • Judges are on the November ballot for retention in even-numbered years.
  • Johnson County Commissioners are elected in even-numbered years and are non-partisan positions. Candidates are in a primary election if 3 or more file for one position. The 2 candidates in a primary receiving the most votes will advance to the general election. If 2 or less file for one position, these candidates only appear on the general election ballot. If a district does not have a filing, this position will only appear on the general election ballot as a write-in.
  • There are no write-ins in primary elections unless there are no candidates for the position. Committee people have write-ins even if there are candidates.
  • General election ballots always have a space for write-ins.

 

Terms of Office


  • United States President and Vice President - Term of office begins in January.
  • U.S. Senators and U.S. Representatives - Term of office begins in January.
    • U.S. Congress begins on the first Tuesday in January of odd-numbered years. It lasts two years and is divided by year into a first and second session. Elections to Senate and House seats are held in November of even-numbered years.
    • The U.S. Senate has two Senators from each state and they serve 6 year terms. One-third are elected every two years and Senators from the same state are not elected in the same year.
    • The U.S. House of Representatives has 435 Representatives and they serve a 2 year term.
  • State Officials - Term begins the second Monday in January.
    • The State Legislature convenes on the second Monday in January for three months. It reconvenes around the third week in April and continues until finished.
    • Kansas has 40 state senators and 125 state representatives. State Senators are elected to 4 year terms. State Representatives are elected to 2 year terms.
  • State Board of Education - Term begins on the second Monday in January.
    • The 1st State Board of Education District is the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Senate Districts.
    • The 2nd State Board of Education District is the 7th, 8th, 10th, and 11th Senate Districts.
    • The 3rd State Board of Education District is the 9th, 21st, 23rd, and 37th Senate Districts.
  • County Officials - Term begins the second Monday in January.
  • City Officials - Term begins on the second Monday in January.
  • Johnson County Community College Trustees - Term begins on the second Monday in January.
  • School Board Members - Term begins on the second Monday in January.
  • Water District Board Members - Term begin on the second Monday in January.
  • Drainage Districts Board Members - Term begins on the second Monday in January.
  • Township Officials - Term begins on the second Monday in January.
    • Trustees and Treasurers are elected in years divisible by four.
    • Clerks are elected in the opposite even years.
    • Trustees, Treasurers and Clerks are voted on by voters in the respective townships. Edgerton City voters may vote for, be a candidate for, or hold office for McCamish Township.

 

Resignations/Filling Vacancies


  • In 1st and 2nd class cities, the City Council fills a vacancy by appointment until the next election. An unexpired term is filled at the next election.
  • Roeland Park has an election after each resignation.
  • In 3rd class cities, the City Council fills a vacancy by appointment until the next election. There are no unexpired terms.
  • Johnson County Community College fills a vacancy by appointment. There are no unexpired terms.
  • In state district races, an election for an unexpired term is held at the next scheduled election if less than half the term has been completed. If more than half the term has been completed, a convention of committee people (of the same party) for that district is held. The committee people elect a candidate to fill the position. The governor appoints the candidate to the position.

 

Overlapping Jurisdictions  


  • Part of Spring Hill city (south of 215th St.) is in Miami County.
  • Part of Lake Quivira is in Wyandotte County.
  • Part of De Soto city is in Leavenworth County.
  • Part of Bonner Springs city overlaps from Wyandotte County into Johnson County.
  • The Water District overlaps into Wyandotte and Miami Counties.
  • The Blue Valley (USD #229), Spring Hill (USD #230), and Gardner-Edgerton (USD #231) school districts overlap into Miami County.
  • The Eudora (USD #491) school district overlaps from Douglas County into Johnson County.
  • The Wellsville (USD #289) school district overlaps from Franklin County into Johnson County.
  • Most of the 6th Senate District is in Wyandotte County, but part of it is in Johnson County.
  • Most of the 10th Senate District is in Johnson County, but part of it is in Wyandotte County.
  • The 37th Senate District is in Johnson and Miami Counties.
  • The 26th Representative District is in Johnson and Miami Counties.
  • The 38th Representative District is in Johnson and Leavenworth Counties.
  • State Board of Education, 1st District, is in Douglas, Johnson, Leavenworth, and Wyandotte Counties.
  • State Board of Education, 2nd District, is in Johnson and Wyandotte Counties.
  • State Board of Education, 3rd District, is in Johnson and Miami Counties.
  • The 3rd Congressional District is all of Johnson County, all of Wyandotte County, and part of Miami County.